Orthopedics is a branch of medicine which deals with bone related problems. When you are suffering
from bone pain, joint pain, or suffered a fracture you should consult an orthopedic surgeon.
Bones are the framework of the body. They are living organs of the body just like heart , kidney. They
are not like a piece of wood. Bone needs oxygen, nutrients to survive and provide support to our body.
So healthy bones are essential to good health. Whenever bone becomes ill bone pain occurs.
Bones are the framework of the body. They are living organs of the body just like heart , kidney. They So healthy bones are essential to good health. Whenever bone becomes ill bone pain occurs.789
Osteoarthritis is one of the most common disease of the elderly population. Osteoarthritis occurs due to progressive damage of the joint surface and soft tissues of the joint. It leads to pain and stiffness of the joint. Most commonly affects knee joint, hip joint, elbow,shoulder, ankle.
Osteoarthritis occurs due to production of toxic enzymes in the joint by the joint tissue itself. These toxic enzymes damages the healthy joints and replaces it by unhealthy fibrous tissue. The factors which promote osteoarthritis are many, but notable ones are:-
Obesity, familial history, previous joint damage, joint fractures, chondrocalcinosis, sports person, rheumatoid arthritis, and gout.
Osteoarthritis is treatable medically at stage 1. In this stage joint damage is not severe, and weight loss, with exercises& medications can reverse osteoarthritis.
In stage 2 or 3 usually it is not curable and patient may require total joint replacement for painfree joints.
In certain cases where patient is not responding to medication, injection of medication directly into the joint alleviates the symptoms. But joint injection are not a permanent solution to painful joints, it gives temporary relief for 1 -2 months.
In certain cases where patient is not responding to medIt is a generalized disease affecting multiple joints, organs of the body , due to immunological reaction against own tissue.
Rheumatoid arthritis is not curable. However painfree life is possible. Patient has to take anti rheumatoid drugs lifelong for a disease free and pain free life.
started early prevents the deformity of the joints. But if deformity has already occurred, it is very hard to restore the function again in the deformed joint. So drugs should be started early, and continued life long.
Gout is a medical condition when there is a painful swollen joint due to uric acid excess in the body.
Foot and toes are most commonly affected by gout. Knee joint is also affected, it classically affects the base of the great toe.
Meat, chicken, egg yolk, alcohol, masur dal, sugary drinks, seafood. Purine rich vegetables such as spinach, palak, pervals, ladysfinger were previously thought to cause uric acid excess. But recent study shows no vegetable causes uric acid excess in body. So a vegetarian diet is good for gouty individual.